Gems and Jewellery Industry in Rajasthan
Gems & Jewellery constitute 17% of India's export, of which a significant contribution
comes from Rajasthan. For centuries, Jaipur has been a world-renowned centre for
sourcing of fine-cut precious and semi-precious gemstones. Over the past decade,
the industry has witnessed a complete transformation. With heavy investment in technology,
gemstone cutters have forward integrated and have started Jewellery manufacturing.
Rajasthan is the biggest production centre of colored precious & semi-precious stones
.Emerald constitutes the major chunk of the export. Rajasthan contributes substantially
to Indias total export of cut and polished stones aggregating over US$ 10 billion.
Jewellery Market and Government Initiatives
Jaipur has been identified as a major centre for gold Jewellery export, whereas
for silver other areas are Alwar & Salumbar.
The key advantage offered by Rajasthan is the availability of skilled personnel.
Jaipur has also traditionally been a centre for Jewellery making for the domestic
market. Rajasthan is the largest manufacturer of cut & polished diamonds and the
gem processing industry but price realization is the least.
RIICO has developed a special zone for Gems & Jewellery at the Export Promotion
Industrial Park (EPIP) at Sitapura, Jaipur. The industrys competitive position
will further strengthen with the setting up on a dedicated Special Economic Zone
in Jaipur. Opportunities lie in setting up manufacturing units of Jewellery and
Types of Jewellery in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is famous for its Jewellery industry and it is one of the world's largest
centre for hand-cutting of gems. It is India's important source for precious and
semi precious stones like; Ruby, Emerald, Garnets, Agate, Amethyst, Topaz, Lapis
lazuli, Carnelian, etc.
Rajasthan is known for the art of silver smithy, beginning from anklets to earrings
to head gears. A lot of effort goes into its making since most of the rural communities
wear silver ornaments.
Besides silver, it is known for its Lac bangles, Kundan and Minakari, enameled gold
jewellery, uncut diamonds and emerald-cutting. Another most exclusive art is 'thewa'
from Chittaur popular for its gold work on glass. Some of the traditional adornments
are Rakhdi (head ornament), Tussi (necklace), Baju Bandh (armlet), Adah (special
neclace worn by Rajputs), Gokhrus (bracelets), Pajebs (anklets), etc. Kundan,the
art of setting stones in gold famous in Bikaner and Jodhpur.
Minakari is the Art of enamelling in gold and silver for other metal (meenakari
can be done in precious, semi precious gems or the cheaper coloured glass also).
It is made in Jaipur, Nathdwara and Pratapgarh.