Posts Tagged folk deities

Jeen Mata – Folk Deity in Sikar

Jeen Mata, also known as Jayanti Mata, occupies an important place amongst folk deities of Rajasthan. Jeen Mata is incarnation of Goddess Durga.

The folk deity is famous in Sikar district of Rajasthan and is worshiped mainly by Chauhan Rajputs. She is kuldevi of Chauhan Rajputs.

History

The history behind the belief in Jeen Mata is very interesting. Centuries ago the king Ghanga of village Ghoghu (in Churu district) loved and married with an Apsara on the condition that he would not visit her palace without prior information to her. Later they were blessed with son Harsha and daughter Jeen. One day the king visited Apsara’s palace without permission. Due to his visit, Apsara left the king, taking her son and daughter with her.

How Jeen became Deity

Harsha was very caring for his sister and fulfilled all desires of her. Harsha got married due to  her sister’s desire. Some time later, Harsha’s wife started creating misunderstanding between brother and sister. Jeen got upset with this and went in forest to live in severe austerity and penance.

The brother soon realized his mistake and visited Jeen, but he could not convince her to change her mind. So he decided to practice the same austerity and penance and undertook the devotion on a different mountain. The two children practiced extreme asceticism atop separate hills in thick forests. With time Jeen gained status of `Durga’ as her Avatar and Harsh achieved the incarnation of `Bhairon’- helper of `Shiva’. Some years later, a Chauhan ruler built a temple at that place. The main temple has a very high Shikhar (Pinnacle) in the midst.

Jeen Mata’s Temple

An ancient temple dedicated to Jeen Mata is 30 km away from Sikar. Lacs of devotees congregate here every year in the month of Chaitra and Ashwin at the time of Navratra fairs. In the temple there is a statue of Jeen Mata with eight arms.

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Nandni Mata – Avtar of Goddess Durga

Nandni, meaning daughter, is another name of Goddess Durga. The goddess is worshiped by Hindus mostly in Navratri (a Hindu festival when all the forms of Goddess Durga are worshiped).

In vagadi language, Nandni mata is also called Nandore Ma.

History

In dwapad era, king Kanns heard a sound from the sky that he will be killed by Yashoda’s sibling. So he sent Yashoda and her husband in jail and one by one killed all their daughters  in jail. It is said that Goddess Nandni was one of those daughters of Yashoda which were killed by kanns in dwapad era.

Nandini mata Temple

Nandni mata has been regarded as Pavagh Devi of Gujarat in Vagad. The main temple of Goddess Nandini is situated on the top of the hills near barodiya village which is a part of Vagad. The famous folk dance garba is devoted to Goddess Nandni.

Another temple which is located in 15 km from Banswara district of Rajasthan is also very famous. Nandni Mata appears in several Vedic hymns and is also described in the eleventh chapter of Durga Saptmi book.

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