Posts Tagged famous people of rajasthan

Jeen Mata – Folk Deity in Sikar

Jeen Mata, also known as Jayanti Mata, occupies an important place amongst folk deities of Rajasthan. Jeen Mata is incarnation of Goddess Durga.

The folk deity is famous in Sikar district of Rajasthan and is worshiped mainly by Chauhan Rajputs. She is kuldevi of Chauhan Rajputs.

History

The history behind the belief in Jeen Mata is very interesting. Centuries ago the king Ghanga of village Ghoghu (in Churu district) loved and married with an Apsara on the condition that he would not visit her palace without prior information to her. Later they were blessed with son Harsha and daughter Jeen. One day the king visited Apsara’s palace without permission. Due to his visit, Apsara left the king, taking her son and daughter with her.

How Jeen became Deity

Harsha was very caring for his sister and fulfilled all desires of her. Harsha got married due to  her sister’s desire. Some time later, Harsha’s wife started creating misunderstanding between brother and sister. Jeen got upset with this and went in forest to live in severe austerity and penance.

The brother soon realized his mistake and visited Jeen, but he could not convince her to change her mind. So he decided to practice the same austerity and penance and undertook the devotion on a different mountain. The two children practiced extreme asceticism atop separate hills in thick forests. With time Jeen gained status of `Durga’ as her Avatar and Harsh achieved the incarnation of `Bhairon’- helper of `Shiva’. Some years later, a Chauhan ruler built a temple at that place. The main temple has a very high Shikhar (Pinnacle) in the midst.

Jeen Mata’s Temple

An ancient temple dedicated to Jeen Mata is 30 km away from Sikar. Lacs of devotees congregate here every year in the month of Chaitra and Ashwin at the time of Navratra fairs. In the temple there is a statue of Jeen Mata with eight arms.

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Nandni Mata – Avtar of Goddess Durga

Nandni, meaning daughter, is another name of Goddess Durga. The goddess is worshiped by Hindus mostly in Navratri (a Hindu festival when all the forms of Goddess Durga are worshiped).

In vagadi language, Nandni mata is also called Nandore Ma.

History

In dwapad era, king Kanns heard a sound from the sky that he will be killed by Yashoda’s sibling. So he sent Yashoda and her husband in jail and one by one killed all their daughters  in jail. It is said that Goddess Nandni was one of those daughters of Yashoda which were killed by kanns in dwapad era.

Nandini mata Temple

Nandni mata has been regarded as Pavagh Devi of Gujarat in Vagad. The main temple of Goddess Nandini is situated on the top of the hills near barodiya village which is a part of Vagad. The famous folk dance garba is devoted to Goddess Nandni.

Another temple which is located in 15 km from Banswara district of Rajasthan is also very famous. Nandni Mata appears in several Vedic hymns and is also described in the eleventh chapter of Durga Saptmi book.

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Eloji – Village God and Folk Deity in Western Rajasthan

Eloji is mainly popular and worshiped in western Rajasthan. In every village you can find statues of Eloji. It is portrayed as a strong man with moustaches, sitting comfortably with a pride on his face.

Eloji is also famous as Gram-Devta (the God of village).

Why he is worshiped

In rural India especially in western Rajasthan the importance of sex in happy married life, procreation and fun is embodied in worship of local deity – Eloji. The male worships Eloji for sexual powers while the female worships him to get a male child.

Holi Festival

On the occasion of  festival of colors, Holi, people in western Rajasthan sing many songs on chung (a folk music instrument like drum) in praise of sexual powers of Eloji. These folk songs are called PHAGS. During the festival all women surely visit Eloji’s temple.

In many villages when a couple get married, they pay their homage to Eloji. The bride hugs Eloji’s statue first, because it is considered that Eloji has first right on every woman.

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Baba Ramdevji – Most Popular Folk Deity of Rajasthan

Baba Ramdevji does not need any introduction. He is one of the most popular folk deity of Rajasthan and is know all over India. Thousands of people come to worship him in Runecha fair.

Also known as Ramapeer, Baba Ramdevji is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Krishna by Hindus. Muslims venerate him as Ram Shah Pir.

He was born in the houses of Ajmalji in the Tomar Rajput family.

History behind his birth

The king of Pokran, king Ajmal was follower of Lord Vishnu. He was very sad as he was childless. Once he was prayring in the temple. The priest considered him mad and told him to go to dwarika (which was swallowed by the sea) to meet lord Vishnu. Without any fear the king Ajmal dived into the sea to meet lord Krishna. Pleased at the king’s dedication and faith, the Lord granted him a boon. The king asked for Lord Krishna to be born as his son. Krishna was thus born as Baba Rajdevji.

Miracles in Childhood

It is said that in childhood Baba Ramdevji asked his mother to allow him for horse riding. But his mother didn’t allow him for riding and gave him a horse which was made of cloth. When Baba Ramdev rode the horse , it started flying in the air. Seeing this all got surprised. Till now the people who come to worship him in Runecha fair, gift the horses made of cloth in Baba Ramdev temple.

Runecha Fair

Baba Ramdev helped the down-trodden by granting them their wishes. He is also believed to have killed a demon called Bhairav.

There are many temples of Baba Ramdevji but the majestic Shri Ramdev temple is at Ramdevra, Runicha, 13 kms from Pokran in Jaisalmer district. It houses the shrine of Ramdev. It was the place where Baba Ramdevji took samadhi on Bhadrapada Shukla Ekadashi in V.S. 1442 at the age of 33 years. Dalibai, his ardent follower (Meghwal), was also buried near his grave.

Fairs are held twice a year. People flock to the temple and chant the glory of Ramsa Pir, so that their prayers may be answered. Many cultural events are also organized during this fair. Wooden toy horses covered with cloth are among the most popular offerings at the temple.

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Bhuwal Mata – Kuldevi of Chajjer clan

Bhuwal Mata, a lok deity of Rajasthan, is mainly worshiped by Jains. She is considered as the Kuldevi of Chajjer clan of Jains.

History

In 1964, Shushila Devi (one of saint of Chajjer clan) was not recovering from illness. When Dr. B.L Chajjer asked the reason for that, she told that Bhuwal Mata will come and everything will be well in Chajjer clan. Saint Shushila Devi remained bare foot for 15 months and worshiped Bhuwal Mata.

In 1969 Bhuwal Mata’s priest told Shushila Devi to reconstruct the temple of Bhuwal Mata’s temple. The task was completed by help of 1250 house members from Chajjer clan within 24 hrs. The temple was at Khedgarh which is now known as Tilwara. It is located at 15 km from Balotra, an important city in the district Barmer of Rajasthan.

It is said that the footprints of Bhuwal Mata are still worshiped at Khed.

Incident during Construction of Temple

The same temple was reconstructed in Birhami village of Rajasthan near Jodhpur. Several attempts were made to construct the temple but due to some unknown presence partly constructed temple walls used to fall the same night. No one could answer the reason for falling walls.

Finally Sushila Ben Chajjer, a staunch follower and committed devotee of Bhuwal Mata, suggested that the temple should be constructed in single day without stoppage of work. Accordingly on 07.04.1976 the construction was started and completed on 08.04.1976.

Bhuwal Mata’s fair

A huge fair is held every year during Navrati in which Jains, especially Chajjer, participate from all over India and abroad. The fair is held at Birhami or Birami village of Rajasthan near Jodhpur. It is about 30 km south-east of Jodhpur.

How to worship Bhuwal Mata

The worship of Bhuwal Mata can be done in a very simple way. One must have taken bath before entering into temple and should also wear clean clothes. One may offer dry coconut in hawan or yajna.

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Shri Devnarayan – Gurjar Medieval Hero from Rajasthan

 Shri Devnarayan was born on the seventh day of the bright half of the month of Maagh in the Hindu Calendar in Vikram Samvat 999 (943). He was a Gurjar medieval hero from Rajasthan.

He is worshipped as a folk deity mostly in Rajasthan and MP. He was the son of to Sri Savai Bhoj and Sadu mata Gujjari and was believed to be an avatar of Vishnu.

The story behind his birth

Shri Devnarayan’s father Savai Bhoj was most well known and courageous among those twenty-four Bagaravats who were born from Bagh Simh(who had a head of a tiger and the body of a man).

Bagaravats and Rana became dharma-brothers. One evening they were drinking and the drink jar overturned with wine onto a hillside flooding the earth to such an extent that the wine actually flowed down into the kingdom of Basak Nag (serpent lord of the netherworld, who holds the earth on his hood). Angered king Basak deposited the earth temporarily on a bull’s horns and went to Bhagavan Vishnu’s court to complain about the Bagaravats. But neither Basak, nor Hanuman, nor Bhagavan did anything to remedy the situation because the Bagaravats were very powerful.

Finally Bhagavan assumed the form of mendicant (jogi) and visited Sadu Mata, the wife of Savai Bhoj, begging for alms. Sadu, who has just completed performing ablutions and bathing, appeared in front of the mendicant covered only by her long tresses. Struck by her devotion, the mendicant (Bhagavan) granted her a boon. Sadu desired that Bhagavan be born as her son. Bhagavan promised to be born as her son on the 13th day after the Bagaravats have been killed.

Devnaaraya’s mother, Sadu Mata did penance on a hill near the battle field. After eleven days, she called out to Bhagavan, who has promised to be born as her son. Devnarayan, who is playing a game of dice at the time with king Basak, rised up on a stream of water that split apart the rock on which Sadu is seated. Borne on that jet of water in a lotus blossom, the infant Devnarayan fell into Sadu Mata’s lap.

Devnarayan’s Revenge

Devnarayan spent his childhood without any knowledge of past events. After eleven years Chochu Bhat, who was the bard and genealogist of the 24 Bagaravat brothers, came to Malwa in search of Devnarayan. Devnarayans mother Sadu Mata knew his intentions and tried to kill by poisoning, but Devnarayan revived him. Chochu Bhat then informed him of the battle between the Bagaravats and the Rana. Devnarayan then decided against his mother’s will to return to his father’s ancestral land and take revenge on the Rana.

Devnarayan shrines and Phad

After the battle Devnarayan left for heaven and before leaving, he gave a boy Bila and a girl, Bili to his wife. The boy Billa became the first priest of his father. Shri Devnarayan worshipped by the Bhopas, the priest-singers by means of a scroll known asphad, depicting various episodes of the narrative of life of Devnaryan. A Bhopa, usually erects the phad shortly after nightfall in the villages where he is invited to sing different episodes from the epical narrative of Devnarayan in front of the phad during the jagarans.

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Pabuji – Folk Deity of Rajasthan

Pabuji is a popular folk-deity of Rajasthan. He was a Rajput prince and was born in 14th century. His father, Dhadal Rathore, was from kolu village.

Pabuji is widely worshipped as a folk-deity capable of protecting against ill fortune.

Early Days

Pabuji was not born from the Dhadal wife but from a celestial nymph. It is said that when his mother died, she promised him to come again in the form of a mare for him to ride.

His First Exploit

When khinchis were crossing their borders Papuji fought with them bravely and won. It was his first exploit. Jindrav khichi’s father was killed there.

Later to avoid the war Pabuji and Buro gave their sister to Khinchis in marriage. Even after this, Jindrav remained hostile, and his hostility was brought to a head when Pabuji secured from the Caran lady Deval (an incarnation of the Goddess) the fine black mare Kesar Kalami, on whom Khici had set his heart. The mare was Pabuji’s mother, who returned to him. In exchange for the mare, Pabuji promised to protect Deval from Khinchi’s raids.

Later Pabuji also overthrew Mirza Khan, the cow-killing king of Patan.

It is said that Pabuji was saved by the snake God Gogo Chauhan when he went to bathe in the holy lake of Pushkar to cleanse himself of the sin of bloodshed.

Priest Singers of Pabuji

Pabuji achieved sufficient prestige as a god to warrant the constructions of pieces of architecture. Bhopa community in Rajasthan are considered to be priest singers of Pabuji.

They depict the story of Pabuji on canvas and recite it to the public through religious songs. This painted canvas is called Phad. The Phad is a 30 feet long sheet on which are painted (or sewn) miniature scenes depicting the life of Pabuji on which his adventures are narrated.

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Major Piru Singh – Example of Single-Handed Bravery in Indo-Pak War 1948

major piru singh

Personal Profile

Company Havildar Major Piru Singh, was born on 20 May 1918 in Rajasthan. He was enrolled in the 6 Rajputana Rifles on 20 May 1936. During the Jammu & Kashmir operations in summer of 1948, Pakistani soldiers mounted a strong counter offensive in the Tithwal sector. The enemy also forced the Indian Army to vacate their forward positions across river Kishanganga.

After the setback, Indian troops took position on the Tithwal ridge. At this juncture, 6 Rajputana Rifles was moved from Uri to Tithwal to strengthen the 163 Bde in its impending offensive in the sector. The enemy was holding a high feature in the area and that its capture was essential for making any further progress.

India Attacked By Pakistan

The 6 Rajputana Rifles was assigned the task of securing these two features. The ‘D’ Company was to secure the first feature. The ‘C’ Company was to capture the second feature after the ‘D’ Company had carried out its task. The ‘D’ Company launched its attack on the objective at 0130 hrs on July 18th. The path to the objective was about one meter wide with deep ravines on either side. Overlooking this narrow path were the hidden enemy bunkers. A heavy fire done on the company by enemy and with half an hour it suffered 51 casualties.

Major’s Great Example of Bravery

During this battle, CHM Singh was with the leading section of the company. He rushed forward to deal with the enemy medium machine gun post which was playing havoc with his troops. Enemy grenade splinters ripped open his clothes and wounded several parts of his body. But this did not deter him. He still continued the advance, shouting the battle cry, “Raja Ramchandra Ki Jai”. Rushing forward he bayoneted the crew of the enemy MMG, with his own sten gun, silenced the menacing gun and occupied the post. By this time all his companions lay behind either dead or wounded.

The responsibility of clearing the enemy from the hill feature lay with him alone. Bleeding profusely he went forward to attack the second enemy MMG post.
This time a grenade wounded him in the face. The blood dripping from his face almost blinded him. By now2914 all the sten gun ammunition with him had been spent. He courageously crawled out of the occupied enemy trench and hurled grenades at the next enemy post. CHM Singh then jumped into another trench and bayoneted two enemy soldiers to death.

As CHM Singh, emerged out of the second trench to charge on the third enemy bunker, he was hit in head by a bullet and was seen dropping on the edge of the enemy trench. There was an explosion in the trench which showed that the grenade had done its work.  “He paid with his life for his singularity brave act, but he left for the rest of his comrades a unique example of single-handed bravery and determined cold courage.

Param Veer Chakra

The country is grateful,” wrote Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to Mrs. Tarawati, 75-year old mother of Company Havildar Major Piru Singh, “for this sacrifice made in the service of the Motherland, and it is our prayer that this may give you some peace and solace.” Company Havildar Major Piru Singh was honoured with the highest war-time gallantry medal, Param Vir Chakra, posthumously. Jai Hind!! Jai Jawan!!

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Famous Personalities of Rajasthan Who have Made a Difference to India

All countries, despite cultural and religious differences, have historic figures and role models who represent their national values. These people define their country’s culture and show the world their nation’s best qualities.

These figures may be politicians, or athletes, or even authors and artists. India has been made by the contributions of several people who have made their inputs in various ages.

Famous Personalities of Rajasthan

Today we bring you the famous personalities of Rajasthan who have made a difference to India in the fields of Politics, Dance and Music, Literature, Science, Religion, Industry, Cinema etc and contributed a lot to India’s Culture and Spirit.

There are many famous personalities in Rajasthan who have made a mark for themselves in their respective fields of interest. Some of them include:

  • Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
  • Ghanshyam Das Birla
  • Gulabo
  • Jagjit Singh
  • Lakshmi Niwas Mittal
  • Maharana Pratap Singh
  • Maharani Gayatri Devi
  • Mehdi Hassan  |
  • Pandit Vishwa Mohan Bhatt
  • Prithviraj Chauhan
  • Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore

In our upcoming articles, you will get information related to the lives of leading Rajasthani celebrities and known figures such as lives of famous film personalities, education, career, exemplary work, awards and recognition. So stay tuned with us.

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