Archive for category handicrafts rajasthan

Rajasthan – Great Suppliers of Handicrafts Worldwide

India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market. It provides employment to over six million artisans, which include a large number of women and people belonging to the weaker sections of the society.

The economic importance of the handicraft sector lies in their high employment potential, low capital investment, high value addition &  high demand in domestic & overseas markets.

Handicraft Industry of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is indisputably recognized worldwide for its manufactured handicrafts, including wooden, metal-based, stone, ceramics & textile products, and decorative objects.

Currently Rajasthan stands second in India’s handicraft exports, next to Uttar Pradesh. Handicraft exports from the State during 2007-08 stand at nearly Rs 2500 crore,  accounting for 25% of India’s export.

Jaipur – Largest Handicraft Export Center

Every District & every village of Rajasthan has a rich cultural & historical background & at least one unique craft to boast of.  Jaipur is one of the most important areas not just in Rajasthan, but also in the country for the production & subsequent export of handicrafts.  Currently, there are more than 2000 units in the handicraft export business, employing more than 5 lakh people.

Federation of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters

In Rajasthan, The Federation of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters is also formed to interface between the Handicraft Exporter, Government and other related institutions in order, that the industry may grow and progress in totality.

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Gems and Jewellery Sector Makes Rajasthan Highly Prominent as an International Destination

Rajasthan is the most preferred destination for investments in major sectors. Easy availability of raw resources makes it the natural choice for agro, minerals and jewellery based industries.

Gems & Jewellery Sector in Rajasthan

Recognized as the diamond polishing state of the india, Rajasthan is gaining prominence as an international sourcing destination for high quality designer jewellery. According to IBEF, gems & jewellery manufacturing in rajasthan constitute 17% of India’s export which makes it the fastest growing jewellery market in the world.

Jaipur – World Renowned Center for Gemstones

For centuries, Jaipur has been a world-renowned center for sourcing of fine-cut precious and semi-precious gemstones. With heavy investment in technology, gemstone cutters have forward integrated and have started jewellery manufacturing.

Jaipur now exports a wide range of studded silver, gold and even platinum jewellery.  Beautifully enameled artistic gold jewelry studded with flat diamonds and colored gemstones are recognized as a sign of aristocracy since Mogul period.

Gems & Jewellery SEZ

The presence of highly skilled, low-cost labour enables India to design and make high volumes of exquisite jewellery at relatively low cost. RIICO has also developed a special zone for Gems & Jewellery at the Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at Sitapura,  Jaipur.

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India’s Prominent International Travel & Tourism Fair India Travel Mart (ITM) Started in Jaipur

India has emerged as one of the leading travel and hospitality powers in the world. Travel & Tourism has become one of the most powerful and dynamic sectors of the Indian economy in the past few years. To promote India as Major Tourism destination across world, India Travel Mart (ITM) started today in B.M Birla Auditorium in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

lIndia Travel Mart

India Travel Mart

India’s one of the prominent International Travel & Tourism Mart promises to provide detailed information to choose from Perfect Holidays, Travel & Tour Packages, Rail Tourism Packages, Online Rail Reservation, Airlines, Cruise and where to stay from the favorite & unexplored Destinations, Hotels, Resorts, Palaces etc. around the Country and Abroad.

ITM Theme – “Destination 2010 for Everyone at Anytime”

The theme of the ITM for 2009-2010 is “Destination 2010 for everyone at anytime”. This Travel mart offer unlimited opportunities for everyone to explore the market and publicize their destination, product and organization at one place.

The India Travel Mart also provide other services i.e. Road Shows, Audio-Visual Presentations, Conferences, Travel Agents & Tour Operators Meet, Corporate & Business Houses Meet, Press Conferences, Cultural Evenings etc for expanding business opportunities, global linkages, develop smart partnerships and potentially rewarding ventures.

Focused on North Indian States and Cities

The Mart offers maximum awareness and promotion in the area of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra, NCR, Punjab, Chandigarh especially in the business cities like Jaipur, Vadodara, Panaji, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Ludhiana and nearby cities and states.

The Mart is open (B2B and D2C days) for all Frequent Travelers, Tourism Organizations/Offices, Associations, Excursion Makers, Professionals, Hotel/Food Craft/Catering/Travel/Educational Institutes and High Profile General Public etc.

If you are looking for new and far-reaching markets, ITM will take you a trip to various uncharted areas of the country where you will get great response.

There are stalls by many of the distinguished travel agencies and some of the well known jaipur hotels. First day ‘Friday’ is kept reserved for b2b meetings and interaction while the next 2 days it will be opened for general public.

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Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters ‘Forhex Fair’ Successfully Held in Jaipur

Forhex Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters in Rajasthan are now looking to the domestic market to survive through the crisis. This is mainly because the Indian market has largely remained largely unaffected by the global meltdown as compared to the rest of the world.

The Federation of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters is conceptualized to be interface between the Handicraft Exporter, the Government and other related institutions in order, that the industry may grow and progress in totality.

To tap the domestic market, the Federation of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters (FRHE) organised a three-day Handicraft Fair from 14 Aug to 16 Aug  in Birla Auditorium of Jaipur in order to provide a platform to sellers and buyers of handicraft.

Forhex Fair Attractions

Forhex Fair was one of the mega event in India which showcased wide range of handicraft products. This is the 1st edition of the event organized by Federation Of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters. The Fair attracted thousands of visitors from India as well as  neighboring countries.

About 100 exhibitors showcased their world-class quality items, including blue pottery, ceramics, clay items, traditional furnishing items, textiles, jewellery and furniture artifacts on the during fair.

All items which were used to be exported are now being offered in the local market to whole sellers, retailers and even individual buyers.

FORHEX aims to work towards a challenge oriented future by promoting world-class products and services in this trade. The event offered a nice opportunity for the attendees to source a unique range of Rajasthan’s handicrafts and textiles prepared for export.

This year the handicraft Industry in Rajasthan exported items worth Rs 200 billion, which is Rs 150 billion less compared with the last fiscal year.

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Ornamentation on the Walls of Houses, Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan

The first manifestations of man’s artistic creativity in Rajasthan are found on the walls and ceilings of rock shelters which are adorned with superb linear drawings and paintings.

Ornamentation on Houses, Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan

Ornamentation on Houses, Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan

Ornamentation in Villages of Rajasthan

Ornamentation on men – made structures followed much later. Today village homes continue to be ornamented in possibly the same way as the earliest dwellings: low mud walls are bordered in white bands, occasionally incorporating a geometric design.

The entrance door is always more elaborately decorated with a stone or wooden lintel and flanking niches outlined in white or ocher. Simple geometric motifs, hand impressions and flowers are painted at random.

The most interesting ornamentation is around the storage shelves where the art of paper mach is dexterously employed to make a series of ache plain or foliate – or a series of hanging pendants

Ornamentation of Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan

The interiors of the royal forts and palaces were ornamented in a variety of ways and materials to achieve different results. In Amer’s Jai Mandir Palace for example, the virtue of white in a warm climate are emphasized.

Rajasthan have palaces with mirror work called Sheesh Mahal. Some even use mica or stained glass. Others more quaint used blue and white Chinese willow plates as those set into an alcove of the Juna mahal at Dungarpur.

Jodhpur’s Mehrangarh Fort has a grand gilded Durbal Hall with a gadi and another austere where a golden wooden throne lies. The ornamentation of Bikaner’s palaces surpasses that of all the other states in craftsmanship and wealth of color. The Junagarh Fort possibly has the widest verity, each palace chamber evoking a different mood.The blue and white Badal Mahal , Cloud palace, curling with clouds yearns for the rain.

In Bundi, the clear green of its hillside shurbs and the blue of its waters and skies blend wondrously in the chitra shala of the Chhattat Mahal. Karauli’s palaces are richly ornamented with very elaborate plaster and stucco details. Devaliya, the old palace of Pratapgarh had miniatures fixed in the walls with the fine designs made on its ceilings with simple red lines.

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Rajasthani Jootis : Peshawari and Nagre – Popular Leather Wear in Rajasthan

India has the largest livestock population in the world and people have worked on leather since ancient times. Rajasthan in particular, has a rich and long tradition of leather crafts. Different leather products famous all over India and most of the product are functional and utilitarian.

One such product is the ubiquitous jooti, shoe an item of daily use, well known in Rajasthan for the quality of workmanship and the variety and richness of design. Jooties variously known as mojaris or pagarkhiyas, are entirely hand crafted and sizes are always measured with fingures.

Process of Making Jootis

The process of production starts with cutting the leather with a sharp knife, both for the upper as well as the sole. Different layers of the sole are stuck together with home made glue. Once this is dry, the sole is stitched with cotton or leather thread.

The upper is then embroidered by the women who perform this delicate task with skill. A piping  – plain or colored- is stitched to the edge of the inside portion of the upper, after the leather is dipped in water to make it soft.  At every stage the leather is hammered to make the stitching and pasting firm. Once the upper has been attached to the sole. It is put on a wooden last to give its final shape. Sometimes, local dyes are sprayed on the upper, in shades of red green and dark pink.

Jootis - Traditional Footwear in Rajasthan

Jootis - Traditional Footwear in Rajasthan

The entire operation, done by hand, requires concentration. Artisans sit for long hours crouched over the work, usually in badly lit and poorly ventilated huts , that cause tremendous strain on the spine and the eyes.

Types of Jootis – Peshawari and Nagra

The peshawari , the most common type is a heavy jooti used by both men and women. Nagra jooties are lighter and consist of one or two layers and prominently embroidered in Mughal motifs with gold and brightly coloured threads.

Special jooties are also made for marriages and other important ocassions.

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Traditional Wear of Rajasthani Women – Ghaghara, Odhni – Hand Processed Textiles

Rajasthan is a part of the color belt of western India. The starkness of the desert and the arid colorless landscape  are balanced by the brilliant range of colors in the textiles of Rajasthan.

Hand Processed Textile of Rajasthan

The Traditional communities in Rajasthan have highly developed color sense and can handle the material efficiently. As a result the hand processed textile of Rajasthan, be it tie & dye, hand block prints, embroidery, patchwork and applique, bead work or handlooms, a distinctive image that  Rajasthani Textiles unfold, is a visual delight for the customers.

Ghaghara - Odhni - Taditional Women Wear in Rajasthan

Ghaghara - Odhni - Taditional Women Wear in Rajasthan

A basic cotton cloth called reza or gadha is woven all over Rajasthan by the julaha weaver community. In some parts of the state, finer varities of cottons are produced such as kotha – doria from kaithoon, mulmul from Mathania (Jodhpur) and pagri with chila embroidery from Alwar.

Ghaghara  – Odhnis   –   Traditional  Wear of Rajasthani Women

The ghaghara , a long skirt heavily gathered at the waist is worn all over Rajasthan with a kurti or kanchli for a top along with an odhini an extra large headscarf cum – shawl. The pattu is woven with interesting geometric patterns. The ghaghara has horizontal maroon and black strips embellished with embrodery and mirror work.

Odhnis are woven in maroon or red and embroidered in cross stitch . The woolen ghaghara , an unstinting garment tied at the waist with a brightly- coloured wollen cord and adorned with cowrie shells and pop-poms is mostly worn by Jat women while the wollen odhni is worn mainly by the women of the Bishnoi community.

The women in their swinging multicoloured ghagharas and brightly coloured cholis, bedecked with silver jewellery are a wonderful sight, their attire reflecting their vitality and exuberance.

Kotah Doria Sari

Kotah- doria or masuria as it locally called, is a chequered fabric with a cooton wrap and a silk weft, and is marketed extensively all over country. This wear is a favorite particularly as summer wear.

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Lacquered work of Rajasthan – Nakashi and Plain Decoration on Articles

Lacquerware Work in Rajasthan - Decorated Polished Wood Items

Lacquerware Work in Rajasthan - Decorated Polished Wood Items

The handicraft of lacquered brassware, the traditional designs and their decoration land a pleasing textures to the surface of the articles.

Embellished with various kinds of engraved motifs, the most common articles produced by this industry are Aftabs, hanging lamps, flower vases, table tops, plates, bangles and bracelets, fruit dishes, ash trays and so on

The lacquered art of rajasthan having its origin in the 18 century was patronized by Maharaja Ram singh of Jaipur. Though lacquer work is closely allied to the famous enameling work of Rajasthan, it maintains its uniqueness in several forms.

Lacquered wood work of Jodhpur, Sawai Madhopur and Udaipur are famous for brilliant finish of charming colors. The other centers of Lacquer wares are Indargarh Marwar, Bundi, Kota, Tonk and alwar.

Process of Lacquered work

Lacquer, a type of varnish made from the sap of the Asian lac tree, possesses two notable characteristics: it creates a surface impervious to high temperatures and moisture, it readily blends with pigments or other embellishments, and is resistant to termites and other wood-boring pests. Lacquer Work, the process of applying a varnish to the surface of a material, most commonly wood, as both a decorative and protective finish.

Wooden Boxes Polished using Lacquer Work

Wooden Boxes Polished using Lacquer Work

There is also painstaking technique in which the lacquer is applied in thin coats, sometimes as many as 100. Each coat is dried and polished before the next is applied.

Pigment may be mixed with the lacquer to create a colored surface or designs may be painted and gilded on to the clear or opaque surface, then lacquered again. Other methods of decoration included carving the surface with a knife or encrusting it with a shell, mother-of-pearl, coral or metal.

Rajasthani lacquered work artists have many designs in their pieces. Plain decoration in this art is done in the lacquered works at all the centers of Rajasthan The works with etched nakshi or pattern work are produced in Jaipur.

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Wood Carving of Rajasthan – Sandalwood and Inlaid Wood

The wood carving of Rajasthan is an age old craft which was highly in demand during the royal age. In the earlier days there used to be special artists working in the palaces who were also supported by the royals to promote this art.

In wood carving process wood is ornamented with design by means of sharp cutting tools held in the hand. The term includes anything within the limit of sculpture in the round up to hand-worked moldings such as help to compose the tracery of screens.

These days artists at Barmer very skillfully carve beds and couches which have jali or net carving along with many other patterns and motifs.

Different Types of Wood Carving

Wooden Carvings - Sandalwood and Inlaid Work from Rajasthan

Wooden Carvings - Sandalwood and Inlaid Work from Rajasthan

Sandal Wood Carving

Fragment and quite beautiful sandalwood carvings come in range of objects and themes – ranging from caravan of tiny camels to decorate a mantle piece to key chains, paper knives and trinket boxes.

Sandalwood is very delicate and have an aromatic blend, thus are widely used in making decorative objects such as furniture, photo frame, jewellery box, and sandalwood incense, sandalwood oil, sandalwood candle and many. The incense sticks and agar wood are primarily used for medicinal or religious practices and provided in pure and completely natural

Chandan or sandalwood is considered to be very sacred thing, so these products are also used for worshiping Gods.

Inlaid Wood Carving

The inlay art enhances the natural sheen of wood by juxtaposing it with other material. It involves embedding plastic, bone, other varieties of wood and metal into flat wooden surface in a decorative way.

This craft is used in the decoration of chair-backs, tabletops and smaller items like trinket boxes. The most amazing art in this category is ‘taarkashi’ or wire inlay where delicate loops of brass or copper set off the dark, polished surface of wood.

Decoration of wood is also done by using colored lacquer. This work is traditionally famous from Udaipur. The items produced include tables, teapots, lamps and decorative items in lovely designs and soft shades.

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Dolls and Toys Art of Rajasthan – Handmade Lovely Toys for Children

Handmade Toys and Dolls Hanging at a Store in Rajasthani Handicrafts Market

Handmade Toys and Dolls Hanging at a Store in Rajasthani Handicrafts Market

Handicrafts making in Rajasthan covers a wide array of products. The tradition of crafting toys and dolls actually dates back to the pre-historic periods in Rajasthan. Excavations at different regions of Rajasthan have come up with handmade toy carts, figures of human beings or animals, birds and even religious figurines.

Toys and dolls in Rajasthan are crafted primarily from wood, clay, stones and other natural and easily available materials. They not only cater to the dreams of a child but they are also associated with religious rituals and festivals. Even today, there are some religious festivals like Janmashtami, which include rituals involving handmade toys and dolls.

The little cosmetic box called Shringardani is traditionally given to a bride on her wedding day and is a toy for children as well.

The puppets of Rajasthan are very charming due to their exaggerated eyes and lips and colourful dresses. These Puppets  are the obvious expression of the human psyche, social and cultural practices, demo graphical differences and as such is a very important part of traditional knowledge and wisdom, passed on through generations.

Famous Destination to Shop Toys and Dolls in Rajasthan

The wooden toys are made in Udaipur and Soft tinted clay toys made in Merta in Nagaur are very popular among tourists. It is also famous for imitation dry fruit which bear a striking resemblance to the real fruits.

Katputli (Puppet) Toys Singing Folk Tales and Dancing in Rajasthan Villages

Katputli (Puppet) Toys Singing Folk Tales and Dancing in Rajasthan Villages

Bassi in Chittorgarh district is another noted centre for wooden toys where the entire village is engaged in wood-carving and in making wooden products.

Jaipur too is very well known for cloth dolls and toys which are generally dyed and stuffed with waste material. These toys are beautifully decorated with colourful paper with expression writ large on their faces.

Dolls Industry in Rajasthan

Rajasthani Dolls Industry is engaged in the manufacture and export of unique and high quality handmade dolls known as ‘copa‘ dolls, traditional puppets, custom made dolls, puppets and handicraft items.

Copa dolls are eco-friendly and are made out of cotton cloth & stuffing. They are embellished with beads & gotta, extending a rich traditional look. These dolls & puppets are available in variety of designs, sizes, colour combinations, themes etc.

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