Archive for category famous people rajasthan

Sheetla Mata – Hindu Goddess of Epidemic Diseases

Sheetla mata (an avtar of goddess Durga) is the goddess of the epidemic diseases such as measles, chicken pox etc.

As per Legends, the rage of Sheetla Mata can lead to epidemics. So in order to calm and placate the Mata, devotees pray and make offerings to her.

Sheetla Mata Temple

The temple of Sheetla Mata is located on top of hillock in Seel-ki-Doongri village located at 5 kms from Chaksu and 35 kms from Jaipur.

A beautiful red stone placed inside the temple is an embodiment of the deity.

Sheetla Mata Fair

The Sheetla Mata Fair takes place in the month of March-April (Chaitra on Krishna Paksh). The fair is held in Seel-Ki-Doongri village in Jaipur. It lasts for only 24 hours in which pilgrims visit to pay homage to Sheetla Mata.

It is believed that if due to any reason, Sheetla Mata loses her temper then the area is expected to be affected by dangerous epidemics. That’s why the fair is organized to keep her mood cheerful. Offerings of different type of fruits, sweets and cash is placed at the feet of Sheetla Mata. People who come to attend the fair are supposed to take food only after visiting the sacred shrine of Sheetla Mata.

There is a cattle fair that occur simultaneously with this fair. Due to plethora of colorful activities happening in the fair, the atmosphere becomes truly joyful. Cattle breeders decorate their animals beautifully and take them to the fair. The best breeder is awarded with prizes.

Tags: , , , , , ,

Kaila Devi, Karauli – Goddess of Wealth

Kaila Devi

Kaila Devi is reigning diety of millions of people of eastern Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Kaila Devi Temple, Karauli

The Kaila devi temple came into existence around 1100 A.D. The temple is located at 23 kms. from Karauli town in Rajasthan state. It is situated on the banks of the Kalisil river. It is a marble structure with a large courtyard of a checkered floor. In one place a number of red flags can been seen which were planted by devotees over the years.

This temple is regarded as one of the 9 Shakti peeths of goddess Durga. In Chaitra Navratra virtually the entire area of eastern Rajasthan, western U.P. and western M.P. congregate at the feet of goddess.

Another attraction is the small temple dedicated to Bhairon, situated in the courtyard and facing the shrine of Kaila Devi is a temple of Hanuman locally called ‘Languriya’.

Festival & Fair

Festival date: March/April i.e in the month of Chaitra (according to Hindu festival calendar).

The annual fair of Kaila Devi, Mahalakshmi or the goddess of wealth, is held at the village Kaila and lasts for a fortnight. Around 60 lacs pilgrims flock to this place every year. Traders from surrounding areas come to the fair and do brisk business. Rajputs, Meenas and members of the some other scheduled castes are among the principal devotees of Kaila Devi.

According to the rituals, animals are sacrificed outside the temple and folk activities are performed with great enthusiasm. The atmosphere turns live with the active participation of Mina tribes. They make best effort to showcase their culture in the form of dances and music.

Ardent devotees follow the ritual of Kanak-Dandotis. Accordingly, devotees lie flat and make prominent line with their hands. A distance of 20 kms has to be covered by the pilgrims so as to pay homage to the deity. Money, bangles, coconuts, fruits and sweets are offered before the Goddess.

Tags: , , , , ,

Jeen Mata – Folk Deity in Sikar

Jeen Mata, also known as Jayanti Mata, occupies an important place amongst folk deities of Rajasthan. Jeen Mata is incarnation of Goddess Durga.

The folk deity is famous in Sikar district of Rajasthan and is worshiped mainly by Chauhan Rajputs. She is kuldevi of Chauhan Rajputs.

History

The history behind the belief in Jeen Mata is very interesting. Centuries ago the king Ghanga of village Ghoghu (in Churu district) loved and married with an Apsara on the condition that he would not visit her palace without prior information to her. Later they were blessed with son Harsha and daughter Jeen. One day the king visited Apsara’s palace without permission. Due to his visit, Apsara left the king, taking her son and daughter with her.

How Jeen became Deity

Harsha was very caring for his sister and fulfilled all desires of her. Harsha got married due to  her sister’s desire. Some time later, Harsha’s wife started creating misunderstanding between brother and sister. Jeen got upset with this and went in forest to live in severe austerity and penance.

The brother soon realized his mistake and visited Jeen, but he could not convince her to change her mind. So he decided to practice the same austerity and penance and undertook the devotion on a different mountain. The two children practiced extreme asceticism atop separate hills in thick forests. With time Jeen gained status of `Durga’ as her Avatar and Harsh achieved the incarnation of `Bhairon’- helper of `Shiva’. Some years later, a Chauhan ruler built a temple at that place. The main temple has a very high Shikhar (Pinnacle) in the midst.

Jeen Mata’s Temple

An ancient temple dedicated to Jeen Mata is 30 km away from Sikar. Lacs of devotees congregate here every year in the month of Chaitra and Ashwin at the time of Navratra fairs. In the temple there is a statue of Jeen Mata with eight arms.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Nandni Mata – Avtar of Goddess Durga

Nandni, meaning daughter, is another name of Goddess Durga. The goddess is worshiped by Hindus mostly in Navratri (a Hindu festival when all the forms of Goddess Durga are worshiped).

In vagadi language, Nandni mata is also called Nandore Ma.

History

In dwapad era, king Kanns heard a sound from the sky that he will be killed by Yashoda’s sibling. So he sent Yashoda and her husband in jail and one by one killed all their daughters  in jail. It is said that Goddess Nandni was one of those daughters of Yashoda which were killed by kanns in dwapad era.

Nandini mata Temple

Nandni mata has been regarded as Pavagh Devi of Gujarat in Vagad. The main temple of Goddess Nandini is situated on the top of the hills near barodiya village which is a part of Vagad. The famous folk dance garba is devoted to Goddess Nandni.

Another temple which is located in 15 km from Banswara district of Rajasthan is also very famous. Nandni Mata appears in several Vedic hymns and is also described in the eleventh chapter of Durga Saptmi book.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Eloji – Village God and Folk Deity in Western Rajasthan

Eloji is mainly popular and worshiped in western Rajasthan. In every village you can find statues of Eloji. It is portrayed as a strong man with moustaches, sitting comfortably with a pride on his face.

Eloji is also famous as Gram-Devta (the God of village).

Why he is worshiped

In rural India especially in western Rajasthan the importance of sex in happy married life, procreation and fun is embodied in worship of local deity – Eloji. The male worships Eloji for sexual powers while the female worships him to get a male child.

Holi Festival

On the occasion of  festival of colors, Holi, people in western Rajasthan sing many songs on chung (a folk music instrument like drum) in praise of sexual powers of Eloji. These folk songs are called PHAGS. During the festival all women surely visit Eloji’s temple.

In many villages when a couple get married, they pay their homage to Eloji. The bride hugs Eloji’s statue first, because it is considered that Eloji has first right on every woman.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

Baba Ramdevji – Most Popular Folk Deity of Rajasthan

Baba Ramdevji does not need any introduction. He is one of the most popular folk deity of Rajasthan and is know all over India. Thousands of people come to worship him in Runecha fair.

Also known as Ramapeer, Baba Ramdevji is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Krishna by Hindus. Muslims venerate him as Ram Shah Pir.

He was born in the houses of Ajmalji in the Tomar Rajput family.

History behind his birth

The king of Pokran, king Ajmal was follower of Lord Vishnu. He was very sad as he was childless. Once he was prayring in the temple. The priest considered him mad and told him to go to dwarika (which was swallowed by the sea) to meet lord Vishnu. Without any fear the king Ajmal dived into the sea to meet lord Krishna. Pleased at the king’s dedication and faith, the Lord granted him a boon. The king asked for Lord Krishna to be born as his son. Krishna was thus born as Baba Rajdevji.

Miracles in Childhood

It is said that in childhood Baba Ramdevji asked his mother to allow him for horse riding. But his mother didn’t allow him for riding and gave him a horse which was made of cloth. When Baba Ramdev rode the horse , it started flying in the air. Seeing this all got surprised. Till now the people who come to worship him in Runecha fair, gift the horses made of cloth in Baba Ramdev temple.

Runecha Fair

Baba Ramdev helped the down-trodden by granting them their wishes. He is also believed to have killed a demon called Bhairav.

There are many temples of Baba Ramdevji but the majestic Shri Ramdev temple is at Ramdevra, Runicha, 13 kms from Pokran in Jaisalmer district. It houses the shrine of Ramdev. It was the place where Baba Ramdevji took samadhi on Bhadrapada Shukla Ekadashi in V.S. 1442 at the age of 33 years. Dalibai, his ardent follower (Meghwal), was also buried near his grave.

Fairs are held twice a year. People flock to the temple and chant the glory of Ramsa Pir, so that their prayers may be answered. Many cultural events are also organized during this fair. Wooden toy horses covered with cloth are among the most popular offerings at the temple.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Bhuwal Mata – Kuldevi of Chajjer clan

Bhuwal Mata, a lok deity of Rajasthan, is mainly worshiped by Jains. She is considered as the Kuldevi of Chajjer clan of Jains.

History

In 1964, Shushila Devi (one of saint of Chajjer clan) was not recovering from illness. When Dr. B.L Chajjer asked the reason for that, she told that Bhuwal Mata will come and everything will be well in Chajjer clan. Saint Shushila Devi remained bare foot for 15 months and worshiped Bhuwal Mata.

In 1969 Bhuwal Mata’s priest told Shushila Devi to reconstruct the temple of Bhuwal Mata’s temple. The task was completed by help of 1250 house members from Chajjer clan within 24 hrs. The temple was at Khedgarh which is now known as Tilwara. It is located at 15 km from Balotra, an important city in the district Barmer of Rajasthan.

It is said that the footprints of Bhuwal Mata are still worshiped at Khed.

Incident during Construction of Temple

The same temple was reconstructed in Birhami village of Rajasthan near Jodhpur. Several attempts were made to construct the temple but due to some unknown presence partly constructed temple walls used to fall the same night. No one could answer the reason for falling walls.

Finally Sushila Ben Chajjer, a staunch follower and committed devotee of Bhuwal Mata, suggested that the temple should be constructed in single day without stoppage of work. Accordingly on 07.04.1976 the construction was started and completed on 08.04.1976.

Bhuwal Mata’s fair

A huge fair is held every year during Navrati in which Jains, especially Chajjer, participate from all over India and abroad. The fair is held at Birhami or Birami village of Rajasthan near Jodhpur. It is about 30 km south-east of Jodhpur.

How to worship Bhuwal Mata

The worship of Bhuwal Mata can be done in a very simple way. One must have taken bath before entering into temple and should also wear clean clothes. One may offer dry coconut in hawan or yajna.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Shri Devnarayan – Gurjar Medieval Hero from Rajasthan

 Shri Devnarayan was born on the seventh day of the bright half of the month of Maagh in the Hindu Calendar in Vikram Samvat 999 (943). He was a Gurjar medieval hero from Rajasthan.

He is worshipped as a folk deity mostly in Rajasthan and MP. He was the son of to Sri Savai Bhoj and Sadu mata Gujjari and was believed to be an avatar of Vishnu.

The story behind his birth

Shri Devnarayan’s father Savai Bhoj was most well known and courageous among those twenty-four Bagaravats who were born from Bagh Simh(who had a head of a tiger and the body of a man).

Bagaravats and Rana became dharma-brothers. One evening they were drinking and the drink jar overturned with wine onto a hillside flooding the earth to such an extent that the wine actually flowed down into the kingdom of Basak Nag (serpent lord of the netherworld, who holds the earth on his hood). Angered king Basak deposited the earth temporarily on a bull’s horns and went to Bhagavan Vishnu’s court to complain about the Bagaravats. But neither Basak, nor Hanuman, nor Bhagavan did anything to remedy the situation because the Bagaravats were very powerful.

Finally Bhagavan assumed the form of mendicant (jogi) and visited Sadu Mata, the wife of Savai Bhoj, begging for alms. Sadu, who has just completed performing ablutions and bathing, appeared in front of the mendicant covered only by her long tresses. Struck by her devotion, the mendicant (Bhagavan) granted her a boon. Sadu desired that Bhagavan be born as her son. Bhagavan promised to be born as her son on the 13th day after the Bagaravats have been killed.

Devnaaraya’s mother, Sadu Mata did penance on a hill near the battle field. After eleven days, she called out to Bhagavan, who has promised to be born as her son. Devnarayan, who is playing a game of dice at the time with king Basak, rised up on a stream of water that split apart the rock on which Sadu is seated. Borne on that jet of water in a lotus blossom, the infant Devnarayan fell into Sadu Mata’s lap.

Devnarayan’s Revenge

Devnarayan spent his childhood without any knowledge of past events. After eleven years Chochu Bhat, who was the bard and genealogist of the 24 Bagaravat brothers, came to Malwa in search of Devnarayan. Devnarayans mother Sadu Mata knew his intentions and tried to kill by poisoning, but Devnarayan revived him. Chochu Bhat then informed him of the battle between the Bagaravats and the Rana. Devnarayan then decided against his mother’s will to return to his father’s ancestral land and take revenge on the Rana.

Devnarayan shrines and Phad

After the battle Devnarayan left for heaven and before leaving, he gave a boy Bila and a girl, Bili to his wife. The boy Billa became the first priest of his father. Shri Devnarayan worshipped by the Bhopas, the priest-singers by means of a scroll known asphad, depicting various episodes of the narrative of life of Devnaryan. A Bhopa, usually erects the phad shortly after nightfall in the villages where he is invited to sing different episodes from the epical narrative of Devnarayan in front of the phad during the jagarans.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Pabuji – Folk Deity of Rajasthan

Pabuji is a popular folk-deity of Rajasthan. He was a Rajput prince and was born in 14th century. His father, Dhadal Rathore, was from kolu village.

Pabuji is widely worshipped as a folk-deity capable of protecting against ill fortune.

Early Days

Pabuji was not born from the Dhadal wife but from a celestial nymph. It is said that when his mother died, she promised him to come again in the form of a mare for him to ride.

His First Exploit

When khinchis were crossing their borders Papuji fought with them bravely and won. It was his first exploit. Jindrav khichi’s father was killed there.

Later to avoid the war Pabuji and Buro gave their sister to Khinchis in marriage. Even after this, Jindrav remained hostile, and his hostility was brought to a head when Pabuji secured from the Caran lady Deval (an incarnation of the Goddess) the fine black mare Kesar Kalami, on whom Khici had set his heart. The mare was Pabuji’s mother, who returned to him. In exchange for the mare, Pabuji promised to protect Deval from Khinchi’s raids.

Later Pabuji also overthrew Mirza Khan, the cow-killing king of Patan.

It is said that Pabuji was saved by the snake God Gogo Chauhan when he went to bathe in the holy lake of Pushkar to cleanse himself of the sin of bloodshed.

Priest Singers of Pabuji

Pabuji achieved sufficient prestige as a god to warrant the constructions of pieces of architecture. Bhopa community in Rajasthan are considered to be priest singers of Pabuji.

They depict the story of Pabuji on canvas and recite it to the public through religious songs. This painted canvas is called Phad. The Phad is a 30 feet long sheet on which are painted (or sewn) miniature scenes depicting the life of Pabuji on which his adventures are narrated.

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Goga Ji – Rajasthani Lok Devta

Gogaji, also known as Gugga, is saint and folk deity of Rajasthan. He was son of Raja Jewar Singh of Bhagar Desh. His mother Bachal worshiped his Guru Gorkhnath ji for 12 years and by the blessing of Guru Gorkhnathji, Gogaji was born. Gogaji was a Chauhan Rajput.

Early Days

Rani Bachal has a twin sister (Rani Kachal) who deceived her for getting guru Gorakhnath’s blessings but Gogaji’s mother got Gugal candies from guru Gorakhnath (a herb to treat people of infertility) and also distributed that herb among villages including a mare. The mare gave birth to a blue horse that Gogaji rode. Early days of Gogaji were spent at village Dadrewa, situated on Hissar-Bikaner highway in the Churu district. Around 900 AD they were rulers of this area and at the same place a fair is simultaneously held here in his memory.

Gogaji’s as peer for Muslim and saint for Hindus

When Gogaji came to know about Rani Kachal deceived his mother, he killed the sons of Rani Kachal and told his mother. Rani Bachal got angry and instructed him not to show his face. Gogaji went to guru Gorakhnathji and asked him what to do. Gorakhnathji through his Chimta from Gorkhtilla and land got slide and Gogaji took Samadhi at that place with his horse. Before getting Samadhi Gogaji read calma so that he also called Muslim peer.

Annual procession

Every year Gogaji fair held in memory of that popular hero. Some people also worship him as a snake-god. It is believed that Gogaji want into Samadhi at the place now known as Goga Medi and thousands of devotees gather to pay homage at this memorial annually in the month of Bhadrapada during the Gogaji fair which last for three days. Gogaji is famous as Goga Veer among Hindus and Jahar peer in Muslims.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,