About Rajasthan

Rajasthan is where all the country's similes and metaphors appear to have come together. Sand dunes, wooded hills and amazing lakes, palaces and rugged forts, men and women in colorful turbans and skirts, bustling towns and quiet villages, camels, elephants and tigers, harsh sunlight and the cool evening breeze - are all there in abundance.

History of Rajasthan

Rajasthan was inhabited by the Rajput clan in the 8th century. The waning of their power led to the emergence of Jats, Nath, Ahirs, Gujars, Bhils and Meenas, who established their dominance in the different districts of Rajasthan. It is noteworthy that these clans largely influenced the culture of Rajasthan. The 12th century heralded the rule of the Muslims, who were followed by the Mughals. The people, culture and architecture of Rajasthan largely owe to the Mughal Empire.

Jaipur, Principal Street, 1875 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Jaipur%2C_Principal_Street%2C_c._1875.gif

The state, covering an area of 342,239 square kilometers, is dotted with marvelous palaces and forts. Rajasthan had been a part of the republics of Saka Satraps, Hunas, Arjunyas, Malavas, Yaudhyas, Kushans and Guptas and was also a constituent of the Mauryan Empire. The forts and palaces sprawled across the territory bear the rich imprints of the past rulers ...more on History of Rajasthan

Geography of Rajasthan

Rajasthan, situated at the northwestern part of India is the biggest state in the country of India and lies between 2330 and 30 11 North latitude and 69 29 and 78 17 East longitude. The state shares its north-western and western boundary with the Indo-Pakistan international border that extends about 1,070 km and touches the major districts Barmer, Bikaner, Ganganagar and Jaisalmer.
Rajasthan is bordered by Pakistan in the west and northwest, the states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the north and northeast. The state of Madhya Pradesh lies in the southeast and Gujrat in the southwest.
The huge portion of the state of Rajasthan is desiccated and houses the biggest Indian desert- the Thar Desert known as the 'Maru-kantar'. The oldest chain of fold mountains- the Aravalli Range splits the state into two geographical zones- desert at one side and forest belt on the other. Only 9.36% of the total geographical region lies under forest vegetation.
The Aravalli Range literally meaning 'line of peaks' , is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 800 km from northeast to southwest across states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat.

Aravalli Range,Rajasthan  
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aravalli.gif

The Aravali Range runs across the state from the southwest peak Guru Shikhar (Mount Abu), which is 1,722 m in height, to Khetri in the northeast. This divides the state into 60% in the northwest of the range and 40% in the southeast. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little water but improves gradually from desert land in the far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and habitable land towards the east ...more on Aravalli Range in Rajasthan
The Thar Desert of Rajasthan is situated partly in India and partly in Pakistan. Bordering the desert on four sides are, Indus plains to the west, Aravalli Range to the southeast, Rann of Kutch to the south, and Punjab plains to the north and northeast.
Thar Desert Rajasthan 
Also known as the "Great Indian Desert", Thar covers an area of approximately 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) ...more on Thar Desert in Rajasthan

Weather in Rajasthan

Varies with the seasons of the year. The weather in Rajasthan ranges from very hot in summer to chilly in winter.
Rajasthan has four distinct seasons - Summer, Monsoon, Post- Monsoon and Winter.
  • Summer - April to June
  • Monsoon - Late June to September
  • Post-Monsoon - October to November
  • Winter - December to March
The best time to visit Rajasthan is during the cooler months from October to March, when the Rajasthan climate is very pleasant ...more on Weather in Rajasthan

Flora and Fauna

The extreme climatic conditions of Rajasthan make the state experience scorching heat during the summers and chilling cold during the winters. Those who wish to visit Rajasthan are advised to avoid the summer months, as the temperature during this time ranges between 32C and 45C. During the winter months, the temperature falls below 0C. Tourists prefer to come to Rajasthan between July and September. During this period, the weather condition of the state remains quite pleasant and suitable for tourism.
The Rajasthan state has a lot to offer in terms of flora and fauna. The state possesses about 32549.64 square kilometers of forest area spread across northern, eastern, south-eastern and southern parts of the territory. Being a rich reserve of wildlife, Rajasthan is known for panther, blue bull, jackal, fox, hyena, sambhar, wild boar, jungle cat and many other species of animals.

Location of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is located in the northwestern part of India and is bounded by Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. With its rich cultural heritage, sand dunes, safaris and wildlife, the state has a lot to offer in terms of tourism. Rajasthan seems to be an open museum, where the tourists can get a glimpse of the socio-cultural pattern of the state.
The state of Rajasthan is well connected with an excellent network of transportation to the different parts of the country. Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur are the three main airports in Rajasthan, which are regularly operated by domestic and international flights. Some of the major railway stations in Rajasthan are at Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ajmer and Jaipur. Besides, the state is also known to possess a well-knit network of roads. The National Highways and State Highways connect the different towns and cities of Rajasthan within the different parts of the country.
Tourists can get a glimpse of the Mughal architecture at different forts and palaces situated at various parts of Rajasthan. Rajasthan also possesses a number of other appeals that attract tourists from all corners of the world.

Districts in Rajasthan

Districts in Rajasthan 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_rajasthan_dist_all_shaded.png

Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts and seven divisions:
  • Ajmer Division : Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk

  • Bharatpur Division : Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur

  • Bikaner Division : Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh

  • Jaipur Division : Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa

  • Jodhpur Division : Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur District, Pali, Sirohi

  • Kota Division : Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota

  • Udaipur Division : Banswara District, Chittorgarh District, Pratapgarh District, Dungarpur District, Udaipur, Rajsamand

Fact File of Rajasthan

Population : 64.07 million (2006-07)

Area : 3,42,239 sq km

Location : North-western India; shares domestic borders with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

Population Density : 165 (per sq km), Population Growth: 28.4%

Principal Languages : Rajasthani & Hindi

Capital : Jaipur

Time Zone : GMT + 5 hours, 30 minutes

Currency : Indian Rupee (Rs)

Districts : 33

Urban Population : 23.38%

Cities and Towns : 222

Religion : Hindu 89%, Muslim 7%, Jain 1.8%, Sikh 1.5%, Christian 0.1%.

Best Time To Visit : November-March

Climate : Generally dry with extreme temperatures; and rains during July-August

Major Cities : Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Bikaner, Bhilwara, Alwar

Major Crops : Jowar, bajra, wheat, maize, pulses, barley, gram, oilseeds, cotton, tobacco, sugarcane.

Minerals : Gypsum, mica, copper, tungsten, emerald, asbestos, felspar, glass-sand gypsum, iron ore, lead, zinc, limestone, marble, salt, silver, soapstone & marble.

Industries : Textiles, cement, sugar, chemicals, glass, wool, handicrafts.

Roads : 83,469 km

Railways : 6,228 km